Ying Zhao Fan Zi Men is traditional Chinese Wushu It is the
combination of two systems Fan Zi or Ba Shan
Fan,as it was known and Yue Shi San Shou, a system which was
developed by General Yue Fei.
The Ying Zhao Fan Zi fighter, uses grabs, holds,
pressures at various points or locks at the joints, basic techniques which
remind the way the proud eagle, King of the animals of prees, attacks its
victims. For that reason the system is nowadays known as Ying Zhao (Eagle
Claw) or Ying Shou (Eagle Hand). The heart of the system is the 50
ways of continuous punch (lian quan), 50 fighting techniques which are being
practiced from both left and right side of the body, and they are based on
Yue Shi San Shou (the 108 hands). These techniques are simple,
impressive or show off elements, easy to teach, they constitute an exceptionally
effective fighting system. The system's movements are light and fast, combining
speed, strength and technique in the most effective way.
It contains 7 kinds of strength:
Tan, Cun και Cui
meaning hidden or internal , obvious or external
, hard, soft ,flexible, close and sharp power.
It is based on 7 principles:
Yi Hao (No.1 is touch and feel), Er Na (No.2 is grab), San Xiang (No. 3
is subdue), Si Shou (No. 4 is defense), Nian Yi Ru Hao Mai (touching clothe is
like doctors feeling the patient), Fen Jin Cuo Gu (separate joints and bones)
and Dian Xue Bi Qi (hit points and stop the breath).
Analysing the technical characteristics and the base of
This school does not imitate all eagle's movements as many people might think,
but only "borrows" the way that the proud bird of prey grabs and catches. So
among the system characteristics are Diao, Zhua, Luo, (ways of grabbing and
catching) and also Fan (hitting by turning the hand around ), Beng (explosive
hit), Zhou (hitting with forearm), Kao (pressing or pushing). The practitioner
should remember that the purpose is not to hold or catch, but to hit the
Grabbing is a way only to bring the practitioner to a
more advantageous situation.
During practice not only strength, speed and technique should be developed as
much as possible, but also the human "spirit" and a natural way of standing
and moving. Spirit means internal peace and calmness,
which all practitioners should have. "One should be able to watch the highest
mountain falling down, without even blink the eyes ".
The 7 kinds of strength in our system, should be developed by practicing
both internal and external techniques. The practitioner should be aware of
physiology, anatomy as well as human psychology, in order to use that strength
effectively in fight. Power should concentrate like a coiled spring and then
explode, driven focused where we want (e.g. a punch).
About the speed:
Defense and attack should cooperate. One hand defends while the other
Defense and attack with the same side of the body, for example left
Practice hitting effectively from a short distance.
Borrow the opponent's strength and use it against him or her.
During fight use the following tools:
combine truth with imagination.
Grab and hit in one movement.
Allow the opponent to attack in order to attack back in the most
Instead of defend, attack or as a Chinese proverb says "become a
householder instead of a visitor".
Combine step and hand.
Press the opponent in order to move the way you want.
Avoid the true attack, hit the opponent's vulnerable side.
Expose to the opponent a side of the body as "bait" and hit afterwards
the way it was planned.
Don't fight the opponent's attack, follow its direction e.g. if the
opponent uses an upper strength, do the same.
In the end we would like to mention the "Shou Jian Shou Wu Qu
Zou" saying, which we use in Ying Shou , that renders the whole essence
of Eagle fighters a highly developed technique (mastery). In free
translation the proverb states that "When hands cross, there is no way of